Plant a Bee Friendly Garden
We all have heard of the decline in the bee population. So what can you do to help out? Plant a Bee Friendly Garden, of course. You can contribute to bee population even if you live in a concrete urban jungle.
Any kind of flower garden can be Bee friendly if you plant the best flower types for bees, even a small container garden on your porch, deck or patio. Here is a quick check list of what is best for a bee friendly garden.
- Stop using chemicals, pesticides, insecticides and herbicides in your garden.
- Choose the best plants for bees.
- Provide a Water Source
- Provide shelter
Chemicals and Pesticides
Bees are attracted to your garden for the nectar and pollen but they also come in contact with any chemicals or broad spectrum pesticides you may have sprayed or used in your garden. Low doses of insecticides can inhibit their navigation skills causing the bees to lose their way back to the nest. If the bee does make it back the pesticide is brought back to the nest, it will be transferred to nest mates directly and/or incorporated into the honey, where it can effect the development in larvae into workers and queens, and thus affect future generations of the colony. (studies have found a large percentage of honey is contaminated with pesticides, up to 70% in some states)
Even so called natural or organic home made pesticides are dangerous to the bees. You know what I am talking about, you see them pasted all over Pinterest, all natural, organic sprays supposedly safe. Here is a great article showing how they really can be a danger to bees as well. Organic Pesticides Still Kill Bees
The best way to keep your garden bee friendly is to use what is called integrated pest management. That is an entire blog post in of itself but it basically boils down to attracting beneficial insects to your garden to help minimize the effect of the harmful ones.
Choose the Best Plants
Native and the less hybridized flowers tend to produce more nectar and pollen that their ultra hybridized cousins. Even some plants many call weeds are some of the best. Early garden flowers/plants include Dandelion. I have a large patch of dandelions every year and they are the first things that are filled with bees, but typically they are also the very first things blooming for me too. So keep in mind to plant for season long feeding of the bees. The list below contains early spring as well as late fall bloomers. The longer blooming season the better.
Annuals: Asters, Calliopsis, Clover, Dandelions, Marigolds, Poppies, Sunflowers, Zinnias
Perennials Alliums, Buttercups, Clematis, Cosmos, Crocuses, Dahlias, Echinacea, English Ivy, Foxglove, Geraniums, Germander, Globe Thistle, Hollyhocks, Hyacinth, Rock Cress, Roses, Sedum, Snowdrops, Sweet Williams, Tansy, Yellow Hyssop,
Garden Plants: Blackberries, Cantaloupe, Cucumbers, Gourds, Peppers, Pumpkins, Raspberries, Squash, Strawberries, Watermelons, Wild Garlic,
Herbs: Bee Balm, Borage, Catnip, Coriander/Cilantro, Fennel, Lavender, Mints, Rosemary, Sage, Thyme,
Shrubs: Blueberry, Butterfly Bush, Button Bush, Honeysuckle, Indigo, Privet, Lilacs
That is in no way an exhaustive list but it gives you an idea. Single layer flowers like daisies, single hollyhocks etc are better than the doubles since it is easier for the bees to land and navigate on them. It is said that the singles also produce more pollen as well.
No need to dig up what you have. It is easy enough to add flowers that attract bees to your existing garden. Just plant them between existing flowers or grow them in containers and place them throughout your yard.
Provide a Water Source
Bees need water as much as nectar. A fountain, bird bath or ponds work well. I like to use a ceramic dish to create a “bee bath” but any shallow container will do. To create one yourself fill a shallow container of water with pebbles or twigs for the bees to land on while drinking. Make sure to maintain the Bee Bath, give it a good scrub once a week and keep filled with fresh water, once they know they can rely on it they will return daily.
Providing shelter for bees in the garden can be as simple as maintaining a garden full of spaces guarded from the elements. Keep in mind that a wide expanse of green grass or concrete does not offer protection from wind, rain and cold for a foraging bee so you must create it. You can add little bee hotels or create a pile of sticks for the wood nesting bees. Some use tree holes created by woodpeckers or other critters. Ground nesting bees just need a piece of bare ground. I live across from forestry land and they have plenty of places to nest so I don’t go out of my way to create more.
I have practiced the being Bee friendly for years in my garden and the bee population around here is excellent. Some days I cannot work among my flowers as there are so many. They are not aggressive but if I have had trouble with them flying up my pant leg and biting me when they get stuck or somehow in my shirt which ends up being unpleasant for both of us so when they are super thick doing their nectar collecting in my garden I just keep out of their way and let them do their thing.
I hope you add some bee loving flowers to your garden this season!