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How to Grow Clematis successfully

How to Grow Clematis successfully.  Caring for clematis in your garden is easy. Here are some tips and tricks for how to grow and enjoy them in your garden.

These easy-to-follow gardening tips apply to all types. I grow about 10 different clematis vines and am always adding more.  In this post, you will learn how to care for your clematis so you can have tons of blooms clamoring over your trellis, fences, and arbors.

Disclaimer..there are tons of differing opinions and experiences on how to grow clematis. What I relate here, for the most part, is from my personal experience.  Reading about gardens and watching gardening shows is something I do a lot of.  The education is wonderful but many times it does not fit my region and conditions, so experience has been my best teacher.

I live in USDA Zone 8, have cold, snowy winters and dry summers (no rain or humidity) with temps up to the 90’s.  Gardeners in other areas may grow them differently and be equally successful. 

This post is about how I grow clematis that reward me every year with plenty of blooms.

Bourban Clematis

(this post contains affiliate links, please see disclosure page for more info) 

There are 3 requirements for healthy growing clematis.
1. Sun on their stems and leaves (at least 6 hours or more)
2.  Cool roots and steady moisture but not overly wet (some dispute the claim that Clematis prefer cool roots)
3.  Support for climbing

May 2016 Garden Tour

Getting Started Growing Clematis

Good soil is always the best way to get started.

Soil health is the best thing you can do for any plant in your garden.  To find some great tricks click on over to a Lazy Gals Garden Guide.  

Amending your soil with compost is one of the best ways to build your gardens health.   Avoid chemical fertilizers, they are not conducive to good soil and there is no need if you keep your soil amended each year with a few inches of compost.

Related: How to create compost, easily!

 This is not a one-time deal, you don’t just add compost when you are getting started on your garden, for the best results you will be adding it frequently or at least annually.

How to Grow Clematis and get a long bloom time
Belle of Woking Clematis

Planting Clematis

You can buy clematis as bare-root or established in a pot, either way prepare your planting hole well.  Choose a location that gets at least 6 hours of sunshine in high summer.

They can be planted in a spot with less sunshine but they won’t perform as well as in sun. In hotter climates late afternoon shade helps the colors on darker versions stay vibrant.  The hot sun tends to fade them out, but they are still beautiful just less showy.

Loosen up the soil deeper and wider than you will plant.  Do your best, the roots of these plants are vigorous and will run deep.

You want to give them a head start by loosening up the area around their roots. Don’t sweat it though they are vigorous growers and don’t need too much babying. 

Plant the clematis about 2 to 4 inches deeper than the crown of the plant.  This will help if the clematis gets struck with wilt, a fungus that causes the entire vine to die back.  

Having the crown under the soil allows you to cut it completely back and it will grow new shoots that are fungus/disease free.

If you do contend with the wilt be sure to clean up and burn any of the vines, leaves etc you cut off, you don’t want that fungus hanging around.

No matter the pruning group, when you first plant your clematis you should prune back the growth to 8 to 12 inches the first growing season. This is tough to do but it is rewarding.

Pruning it back ensures good root development which is crucial to a healthier clematis and more shoots coming up from the base.  More shoots, more flowers.

Killian Donahue Clematis, How to Grow Clematis and care for them for maximum bloom
Nelly Moser Clematis

How to Care for Clematis

There are differing views on growing other plants close to the clematis base to shade its roots, some say it robs the needed nutrients for optimum bloom from the clematis and others have no issue with it.

Personally, I have some growing with roses, at least within a foot or so and shorter growing flowers shading the roots of both. I have had no problem with the clematis being vigorous and bloom happily.

That is because of healthy, rich soil that I regularly add compost to.  

I also have clematis growing on their own with a deep mulch to keep their roots moist and cool. Clematis like moist, well draining soil not soggy soil so keep them watered if you don’t get summer rains, (we don’t).

We have contended with deep drought for several years, my clematis did okay with a lot less watering, they just did not bloom as prolifically.

Be sure and provide support, something for the clematis to climb, a sturdy trellis, arbor, or post.  A healthy clematis will smother it with beautiful blooms in no time.

Pistachio Clematis, How to Grow Clematis for a garden of color all summer long
Pistachio Clematis

Clematis Groups

There are 3 groups of Clematis.
Group 1 blooms the earliest in Spring and has the small flowers.  Here is one that is on my list to acquire,  Pamela Jackman.  I don’t have any growing now to show you but I do have some on my list to add to my garden.  Exactly when in Spring these bloom depends on your region, some areas it blooms in late winter as well.

Group 2 bloom in Spring and early Summer, they are the large, showy flowered ones we all love.  They bloom on both old and new wood. Many I have are in this group. Some will re-bloom but the first bloom of the season is the best.

Group 3 Summer blooming and they will bloom on into Fall for masses of color all season.  Add a few of these to your collection and you will have gorgeous clematis until frost.

Pruning

They are also known as A,B & C and an easy little way to remember pruning advice for the different ones is here

Pruning group A (or 1)
A is for After bloom
Includes: Species that bloom in early spring, such as C. montana, C. armandii, or C. macropetala.
When and how to prune: Don’t prune until after the flowers are finished. Prune off the dead flowers (deadheading) and any damaged vines. Flower buds are formed the previous year, so if you prune before they flower, that means no flowers for you that year.

Pruning Group B (or 2)
B is for Before bloom
Includes: Species that bloom in late spring/early summer, including most large-flowered types.
When and how to prune: In spring, cut back to a set of live buds, about a third down from the top. Hard-prune (to about 12 inches) for the first two years after planting to develop a strong root system.
This clematis type blooms on old wood and new. You can also cut this back hard like Group C but you will lose early blooms on the old wood.

Pruning Group C (or 3)
C is for Cut back hard
Includes: Species that bloom in summer/early fall: C. viticella, C. tangutica, C. virginiana, C. texensis, C. crispa.
When and how to prune: In early spring, cut every stem to 12 to 18 inches or so.

Warsaw Nike Clematis

Warsaw Nike is one of my Group 3 clematis and it is a power house bloomer and so is Pistachio above.

There are some scented varieties I would love to get and have Summer Love by Proven Winners on my list.

This double one below called Franziska Maria,  is one of my favorites, it blooms and blooms in early summer. 

Then if I make sure to dead head and feed it after blooming it will put on another good show of blooms.

Be aware that if you plant a double that the first year it will most likely have single flowers, the doubles develop on old wood so the following year you will get the doubles.

Franziska clematis, How to Grow Clematis for optimum and long lasting blooms

If you can plant all three groups in your garden you will have clematis blooms for months and months.  It is advised to plant like groups together so pruning will be easier.

The pruning of clematis is going to get an entire post to itself, then I can try and photograph what I do for pruning.  It is not as confusing as it can seem. CLICK HERE for my Spring Pruning of Clematis.

Feeding Clematis

Clematis are considered heavy feeders.  As I stated before, start with healthy well fed soil.

Every Fall I add a few inches of chicken manure mixed with compost all around my flowering plants.  The compost chicken litter mixture sits all winter at their feet. 

I have no trouble with it burning my plants as they are all dormant by then.

In Summer I do supplement feed my clematis with fish emulsion (stinky but effective) or foliage feeding (I am using Spray and Grow combined with the fertilizer though you can just get the Spray and Grow alone).  

Since I plant my clematis next to other heavy feeders like roses I know that they all will get enough nutrients to pump out the blooms for me.

Other gardeners have reported that they don’t feed them at all and still get good results.

For those of you that live in a warmer winter region I have had a few readers that successfully grow clematis and get it to bloom by burying a plastic flower pot beside it and putting ice in the pot to chill the roots.

One reader said she does it for about two weeks long and she gets beautiful blooms. (clematis need some winter chill to bloom successfully, I have not had to try this as we get cold winters but I thought I would pass that on for those of you who live in warmer regions)

You can also grow many of these in pots on your porch, patio or deck, some varieties have been bred especially for container gardens.  What is not to love about Clematis?

Please PIN and share the Clematis love!

purple clematis with text overlay, how to grow clematis like a pro, flowerpatchfarmhouse.com

Until then…..Happy Gardening!

Other posts you may enjoy
How to Prune Clematis for Top to Bottom Bloom(this happens in Fall)
How to Spring Prune your Clematis
Propagate Clematis by Layering
Build an Easy Garden Obelisk (for your Clematis to climb)
How to Start Clematis from Cuttings

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Linda Maki

Saturday 29th of August 2020

I have a clematis that needs to be transplanted, when should I do it?

Pamela

Monday 31st of August 2020

Right now is good. Just be sure to dig deep, they have long tap roots. Get it settled into its new spot and water well and keep moist without over watering. It should do fine. I have moved quite a few and they did great, it does take them a good year or two to really grow fully but worth the wait.

Brenda

Sunday 19th of July 2020

My clematis has leaves turning yellow at the top. It’s about 9’ tall. Bloomed beautifully in the spring. My first year at this home. What do I do about yellowing leaves?

Pamela

Monday 20th of July 2020

could be a variety of issues. Has it been extremely hot? That can cause some leaf yellowing. There could be an iron deficiency, so giving it a shot of chelated Iron would help. My go to brand is Liquinox. Or you could be dealing with mites...as I said it could be many things so not knowing all the details it is hard to troubleshoot for you.

Kathy Snellen

Monday 11th of June 2018

Love all your input. I too love clematis. I have several colors and types. When my mom passed I inherited many more. Nobody wanted them if you had to dig them in hot summer. The landlady of 22 years already had a mini dozer to level my moms pride and joy. Later a lot of "family" wanted some. I gave my sister one. Turned out to be my NEW one. It is beautiful at her house. I am sitting here shaking mybhead and laughing. Only me. I will be following your blog. Ty. I need this.

Pamela

Tuesday 12th of June 2018

I am surprised at how digging my clematis up were fairly easy and survived my moving them. I had read that they really don't like it and rarely survive. In fact, where I dug one up from I must've left some root as another came back in the same spot. Good for you in rescuing them in hot summer. :) Better to try than have them dozed under. You can take cuttings from the one to gave your sister to get one like it for yourself. Or try root layering it. Or maybe you have already thought of that. No, not only you would do that, I am constantly amazing myself at some of the goofy things I do.

Iris

Saturday 28th of April 2018

I have several clematis in dark purple, light purple, pink and white. Ialso have the evergreen clematis. It is very fragrant and fast grower.

Meredith Bynum

Sunday 21st of January 2018

Hi Pamela, Would you mind telling us approximately where you are? Zone 8 with snowy winters and warm dry summers sounds like a perfect climate for gardening. I am in southwestern Idaho, zone 6 with long cold winters and hot dry summers. Spring can’t come soon enough! Meredith

Dianne

Sunday 5th of July 2020

What is the name of the last purple clematis in your post please? Right at the very end. Thanks

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