Rooting Roses from Cuttings or Slips is easy and fun. Rose propagation is so rewarding, get more roses for free! Simple enough for beginner gardeners, fun for everyone.
Rooting roses from cuttings or slips is easy and fun. Some roses are harder to root than others so don’t be discouraged if you don’t have success, it could be the rose and not you.
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For my latest window sill propagation method see below where it says UPDATE
It is no secret I love roses. Almost any rose is top notch in my book but I have a special affinity for old roses , English Roses and their French counterpart, Romanticas.
(when choosing roses to take cuttings from please only use non-patented roses otherwise we are infringing on patents and that is considered stealing, there are tons of old roses that are not patented and they are easy care, tough plants)
I have shared a post on Rooting Lilacs from cuttings and my set up for roses is similar as far as the fish tank and box of soil mix. But if you don’t have that much room or you want a smaller set up? Voila’ I have you covered.
Eat the Potatoes
Just so you know I have tried the potato method that I have heard so much about and is popular on Pinterest, it just does not work for me. I have tried that method a few times and all I got were little potatoes and none of the cuttings rooted. NONE! At the same time the ones I started using my other methods I had 80% success rate.
So save the potatoes for eating and just go this route for rooting roses, it is so much easier and more successful.
So here we go.
How to Take your Rose Cuttings or Slips
Take your rose cutting from a cane that has just finished blooming, you can see the spent blooms here.
My favorite tool for this is Fiskars Bypass Pruners
Some say getting the heel wood is the best but I cannot attest to that. I should do some experiments and see if it works better than just a cane cut below a leaf bud.
About 6 inch length is good and you want the cane to be close to the diameter of a pencil, it can be a bit smaller around but that gives you an idea.
Wound the rose cuttings
To wound the heels of the cutting I scrape the end of the cutting with a very sharp knife or edge of my pruners to reveal the white layer, which will help in rooting.
I have also just stuck the canes as they are above straight into the rooting hormone and not wounded them and it has worked but wounding them supposedly produces more roots faster. It exposes more of the Cambium layer and here is the definition of that right from a dictionary:
Definition of CAMBIUM. : a thin formative layer between the xylem and phloem of most vascular plants that gives rise to new cells and is responsible for secondary growth.
You can also wound the rose cutting by slicing a straight line with a razor, sharp knife, or xacto knife straight into the cane and not scrape away the green part.
Coat rose cutting end in Rooting Hormone
After you have wounded your rose cutting or slips, brush the wounded ends with a rooting hormone or solution. This speeds up the rooting process. Right now I am loving this stuff for rooting it roots things faster and more successfully. Hormex 8 Hormone Rooting Powder #8 It was recommended to me by a local Rose Society member that roots hundreds of roses each year.
Potting Soil for Rooting Rose Cuttings or Slips
Mix up a growing medium of 1/3 perlite and 2/3 potting soil. Get a non pre-fertilized mix. Put your soil in a pot that is wide enough for your cover to fit over but have a space around the rim. I have no issues with fungus or disease so I don’t worry about getting sterilized soil. You can pasteurize your soil mix if you feel it is needed.
Put rose cuttings into a Terra Cotta Pot
(See below for a more updated variation I am using now)
Right now I am using terracotta pots for rooting plants as I have found that because it breathes I have even more success than in plastic pots. Also by viewing the side of the pot I can tell if the soil is drying out, the clay shows if their is moisture present in the soil.
Put your canes down into the potting mix and water in well.
Cover to root rose cuttings or slips
Cover your rose cuttings or slips. My cover is a large plastic mayonnaise jar from Mayo we get at Costco. I like the wider size as I can fit more cuttings in the pot at once. Some like to use plastic bags or wrap but I have found that to be too fiddily. Others have used a 2 liter clear soda bottle but we don’t drink soda so this works for me.
Here you can see the space between my cover and the pot. This is where I will water when I need to. See the darker color of the pot when it is moist. The base looks the same and when I see it drying out I know to water a bit. It is important to have a loose mix as you don’t want to drown the cuttings but you don’t want them to dry out either. Place in a bright place where it does not get direct sun. Direct sunlight will make it too hot for the cuttings and kill them off.
Before you know it you will have beautiful roots coming from your rose cuttings.
Re Pot your Rooted Rose cuttings or slips
Don’t worry about the roots intertwining from all four canes. I just pop all the cuttings and soil out of the pot (once I know there are good roots) and I put it in a tub of water, the soil washes away and the roots slide apart. Re-pot each rooted rose cutting in its own pot and let it get big and strong.
This past Summer and Fall I tried another way to root roses..the essentials are the same but this container is so awesome and for the most part free! My husband loves the frozen frappuccinos at coffee places and his empty cups are the best containers I have used so far to root roses.
They are so easy!
Just put some holes in the bottom (I use a metal skewer heated over a flame to melt holes into the bottom) of the cleaned cup.
Add your soil mix and poke the canes down into it.
I write the Rose name on the cup and lid so I know which ones are which.
Let the top of the canes come through the hole in the lid. I did 4 to 5 canes per cup. I like the taller cups better but it still works in the shorter ones. The domed lids are perfect as the hole in the center allows air to get in but still keeps the moisture levels high enough and I have not had any issue with mildew.
Wrap the base of the cup with foil, this prevent sunlight from creating the green algae. Foil is easy to remove and replace to check for roots or to monitor it for mositness.
Another bonus is it is easy to water through the top hole when needed.
I really do like being able to see when they have rooted!
I will let them get tons of roots before I separate them and pot them up into larger pots. For now they are doing great just in the cups.
I keep mine in the greenhouse but this would work on a windowsill too.
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Want something for your new roses to grow up…
Here is an easy DIY Arbor built from our Obelisk design!