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Thin Seedlings without Cutting Them

Once your seeds sprout you will need to thin them. Many garden sites will have you cut out seedlings to thin them but what a waste! You can easily thin your seedlings without resorting to killing off any little plants. I show you how.

How to thin seedlings without cutting them. Seed starting is so fun and you can get tons of plants for very little money.  But what if you seeded too thickly or many more of your seeds sprouted and they are getting crowded? 

In this post (press here) I showed you how I start seeds easily and now you need to know what to do next.

Many recommend snipping off some seedlings but I show you how to can thin out your plants and keep them all alive. No need to sacrifice any. 

red geraniums with text overlay, How to thin seedlings without cutting!, Flower Patch Farmhouse

I have started seeds for many years.  I have followed the advice of many garden gurus and cut off the extra seedlings that sprouted to let one grow bigger and stronger.  But it was so HARD to kill perfectly good plants that struggled to sprout and were growing well.  

Geranium Seedlings to be Thinned

When I sowed these geranium seeds I thought they were too old to germinate so I sowed them thickly.  I was wrong about them being too old, many came up in the same cell. 

I don’t always use these six pack containers to start seeds in.  Much of the time I start a bunch in a single tub or container as I did with these tomatoes. I like using recycled containers as much as I can. 

tomato seedlings ready to be thinned

Some of these tomatoes were very close together and yet I did not cut any.  I gently eased them out of the soil (a very loose mix helps tremendously) and pot up into individual pots for them to grow on. 

Watch this video to see how I do it.  It is super easy and I have 100% success rate. 

 


 

Why Some Cut to Thin Seedlings

Some will claim that you shock the plants or it kills some but I have not had that happen to me.  I have done this for over a decade now and don’t have any problem.  I have even done side by side trials where one set I cut out the extras and let one grow on and in the other I did this method I share today. There was NO difference other than I saved a ton of plants I did not have to kill. 

Here is my photo step by step to Thin Plants

Here is a recycled mixed salad container with pansy seedlings in it.  You can see they are growing close together.  They have their true or secondary leaves so they are ready to prick out and pot up. 

Don’t worry that it will hurt them or restrain them from growing healthily.   If you are gentle enough they should do just fine. 

In the video I showed this technique on Geranium seedlings.  This works on most plants. 

plastic tub of pansy seedlings ready to thin and pot up

Tools to thin your seedlings

I use an old paring knife I keep in the greenhouse but you can use a pencil, a skewer or just about anything that is small enough. 

Your goal is not digging, it is loosening the soil at the roots as you lift the seedling.

How to Dig out the seedlings  

This is also called “pricking out”. Grasp the seedling by a leaf, not the stem. Sink your digging tool, in my case the knife, into the soil beside the seedling and gently lift as you pull on the leaf.  

Wiggle the knife as you oh so gently tug on the seedling to help loosen it.  

pansy seedling being lifted out of growing container to be transplanted

It will pull free and have a beautiful little root.  

Sometimes you will get more than one to come out, just gently untangle the roots from each other. If you are careful it won’t do any harm to either seedling. 

Pansy seedling with roots showing

Pot up the pricked out seedling

I have these 3 inch pots that I use for the tiny seedlings or you can use recycled 4 inch pots you may have saved from plants you bought at the garden center.  Since I tend to get a lot of plants started and run out of room, these smaller pots need less space.  they last a long time, I have been re-using these little pots for the past 10 years. 

Scoop up some potting mix into your pot, I will share my homemade mix soon, so subscribe to get the updates if you want to be notified. There is a button at the top of this page where you can do that. 

Small plastic pot scooping up potting soil, Flower Patch Farmhouse, Thinning and potting up seedlings.

Place your seedling on top of the potting mix in the little pot and press it down into it softly.  The mix should be loose enough that it will not need much pressure. 

Add a bit more potting soil to fill in the indentation from your finger and set aside. 

Pansy seedling in 3 inch pot, Flower Patch Farmhouse, thinning and potting up seedlings

Seedling care after thinning plants

Once I have them potted up I water them well.  I let them sit in the tray beneath and let them soak up the overrun. 

Do not put the freshly potted up seedlings in the direct sun.  Mine stay in the greenhouse or if they are very tender annuals I put them back on my seeding rack indoors. 

Pansy seedlings in small 3 inch pots, Thinning and potting up seedlings, Flower Patch Farmhouse

With the tender annual seedlings I keep them inside until the nights stay above 40 degrees for the most part.  My greenhouse is more of a large cold frame, it is not heated and can get quite cold if the night time temps dip into the 30s. 

I start feeding them a weak solution of this Seaweed based water soluble fertilizer.  I mix it half strength and use each time I water the seedlings.  Many will claim you do not need to feed the seedlings yet but I have found mine do better when I use it.  Here is some info on it from Gardeners

So what seeds did you start this year? 

Here is my video on YouTube.  Have you subscribed yet to my YouTube? 

Happy Gardening!

More gardening articles you will enjoy

Start Seeds Successfully
Winter Sowing of Seeds
Sow Your Seeds in Fall

Do you really want to just cut the extra seedlings, then Laura has you covered, just visit her video here. 

 

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Tessa

Saturday 23rd of March 2019

I always have thinned my seedlings by "pricking out," much like you do, although I never heard the term before. I have read and heard many times, though, that the seedlings' roots are damaged in the process, but I can't bring myself to kill the healthy little seedlings that I've nurtured. I feel reassured reading that you do the same thing. Among other flowers, I started a variety of Oriental poppies indoors a few weeks ago, according to directions, and they have germinated. Just wondering if you have any advice on transplanting these when the time comes. They are very fine and appear to be fragile at this point. I assume they'll be somewhat more robust in a few weeks but I think poppies generally are finicky about having their roots disturbed.

Pamela

Sunday 24th of March 2019

You are correct Tessa, Oriental poppies do not do well when their roots are disturbed. With them the best method to thin would be the cutting out but you can wait until the true leaves develop. There is really no hurry, I have found that my seedlings seem to grow better when there are more than one in a section.

Heidi

Thursday 21st of March 2019

I am doing the same thing with my seedlings this year. They are doing fine and didn't mind being separated from their brothers and sisters! Thanks for sharing!

Pamela

Thursday 21st of March 2019

Your seedlings will do great. I have had no issues at all by separating them rather than cutting.

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